History of candle making

History of candle making

Candle making was developed independently in many places throughout history.[1] A close-up image of a candle showing the wick and the various parts of the flame Candles were made from whale fat by the Chinese, during the qin Dynasty (221–206 BC).[2] In India, wax from boiling cinnamon was used for temple candles.[2] In parts of Europe, the Middle-East and Africa, where lamp oil made from olives was readily available, candle making remained unknown until the early middle-ages. Candles were primarily made from tallow and beeswax until about 1850, but subsequently have been made from spermaceti, purified animal fats (stearin) and paraffin wax.[1]

1 300 – 1 BC
Qin Shi Huang (259–210 BC) was the first emperor of the Chinese Qin Dynasty (221–206 BC). His mausoleum, which was rediscovered in the 1990s, twenty-two miles east of Xi’an, contained candles made from whale fat.[3]
The word zhú ….continue: History of candle making